Construction of Kerak Castle began in the 12th century directed by the King
of Jerusalem. It was built on the top of a large hill to aid in its fortification.
Because of its location east of the Dead Sea, it was critical to the control of the trade routes from Damascus to Egypt and Mecca. It has been a factor in traditional Middle East politics and skirmishes. The Crusaders, Kurds, Muslims and other groups have been involved.
The castle has been expanded numerous times by the various occupants as well as being partially destroyed by battles and looting. It has been both the residence and the fortification for numerous groups. It is honeycombed by many dark tunnels and rooms.
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